Zero Waste

Zero Waste is a concept that challenges the old way of thinking about waste as something that has no value and to be thrown away. According to the Zero Waste Alliance:

Zero waste suggests that the entire concept of waste should be eliminated. Instead, waste should be thought of as a “residual product” or simply a “potential resource” to counter our basic acceptance of waste as a normal course of events. Opportunities such as reduced costs, increased profits, and reduced environmental impacts are found when returning these “residual products” or “resources” as food to either natural and industrial systems.

Zero Waste is a whole system approach that changes the way materials flow through society and ultimately results in no waste. It involves reducing consumption, minimising wastage, maximising recycling and composting, and ensuring that products and materials are designed to use less resources and made to be reused, recycled or biodegradable.

Nature is the best Zero Waste model. There is no waste in nature and by-products produced become resources for others or are assimilated harmlessly back to the surroundings.

The Zero Waste Hierarchy

The Zero Waste hierarchy refers to the following options for managing waste (in order of priority):

  1. Right in the beginning, waste should be prevented or reduced through redesign, reduced packaging and material use, and less consumption.
  2. Waste should be reused, repaired or refurbished for their original use or for another purpose.
  3. Waste should be recycled, reprocessed or composted into raw materials and useful resources.
  4. Waste should be recovered for their energy content through waste-to-energy or incineration facilities.
  5. After all of the above have been done, waste should be landfilled in a safe and sustainable manner.

Benefits of Zero Waste

The benefits of Zero Waste is that it helps to conserve our resources, reduce pollution, create jobs in waste management, reduce waste costs, increase the lifespan of our Semakau Landfill and incineration plants, and mitigate climate change.

Zero Waste is an extraordinary concept that can lead society, business, and cities to innovative breakthroughs that can save the environment, lives, and money. Through the lens of Zero Waste, an entirely new relationship between humans and systems is envisaged, the only one that can create more security and well being for people while reducing dramatically our impact upon planet earth. The excitement is on two levels: it provides a broad and far-reaching vision, and yet it is practical and applicable today. – Paul Hawken, environmentalist and author (from the publication, The End of Waste, by the Zero Waste New Zealand Trust)

Can We Achieve Zero Waste?

Zero is the goal but it is important not to be over-focused on the word ‘zero’. What matters is the concept behind Zero Waste. The road to Zero Waste is a long journey and it requires the efforts of individuals, communities, organisations, businesses and the government, working closely together towards Zero Waste. We invite all Singaporeans to support the vision of a Zero Waste Singapore. Yes We Can.

The 3Rs

You can take action by practising the 3 Rs in your daily lives – Reduce, Reuse and Recycle (in order of sequence). The sequence is important, as source reduction is usually the best way to minimise waste while recycling still has some impact on the environment and should be done last.

1. Reduce by eliminating or minimising the waste in the beginning.

2. Reuse by using the waste several times in its original form or for another purpose.

3. Recycle by sending the waste to be processed as a resource for new products.

For example, let’s take a look at a plastic bottle of mineral water. Reduce by not buying the plastic bottle and drink from the tap or use your own reusable bottle instead.

But if you really have to buy the bottle of water, then reuse it after drinking the water. Reuse the plastic bottle as your water bottle for refilling, use it as a flower vase, use it for storing other liquids, or use it to make art decorative items.

After reusing the plastic bottle for some time and when it becomes dirty or damaged, don’t throw it away in the rubbish bin. Recycle the plastic bottle by depositing it into the recycling bag or bin under the recycling programme. The bottle will be collected and processed into plastic pellets that are used as feedstock for making new plastic bottles and products.

You can take action now towards Zero Waste by Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. Just follow our tips and resources found in the Reduce, Reuse and Recycle categories.

Our Waste Challenge

In Singapore, the amount of waste disposed has increased about 7 times over the past 45 years, from 1,200 tonnes/day in 1970 to 8,284 tonnes/day in 2015. Each person disposed about 0.86 kg of domestic waste per day in 2015.

If this continues, the projected lifespan of our Semakau Landfill would be about 35 years, and additional incineration plants would have to be built every 7 to 10 years.

This poses a challenge as it is difficult to find land for the construction of new incineration plants and landfills in land-scarce Singapore.

In addition, high cost is involved in the construction of new waste disposal facilities. The construction cost is about $1.8 billion for our first four incineration plants and $610 million for Semakau Landfill.

More importantly, the real challenge is whether we can change our current unsustainable materials economy and resource use, which follows a take-make-use-throw linear model, and shift towards a circular economy.

The unsustainable linear model uses natural and energy resources to produce goods and stuff, which are consumed and disposed of as waste, resulting in economic losses and environmental degradation.

For a better understanding of the materials economy and our waste challenge, watch The Story of Stuff below. The Story of Stuff is a 20-minute film by Annie Leonard, which takes an interesting look at our production and consumption patterns, and the connections between environmental and social issues.

Waste Management in Singapore

Waste Collection

The public waste collection in Singapore is divided into 7 sectors managed by four licensed Public Waste Collectors (PWCs) as shown below.

  • Pasir Ris-Tampines; Clementi-Bukit Merah (by Veolia ES Singapore Pte Ltd)
  • Jurong (by Colex Environmental Pte Ltd)
  • Bedok; City-Punggol; Woodlands-Yishun (by SembWaste Pte Ltd)
  • Ang Mo Kio-Toa Payoh (by 800 Super Waste Management Pte Ltd)

The PWCs are responsible for the collection of waste from residential and trade premises in Singapore. They are also required to provide recycling services under the National Recycling Programme (NRP). For commercial and industrial premises, the waste are collected separately by licensed general waste collectors.

Waste Disposal

The waste collected by the PWCs and general waste collectors are disposed of at the four waste-to-energy plants (Tuas, Tuas South, Senoko, and Keppel Seghers Tuas Waste-To-Energy Plant) and the offshore Semakau Landfill. Waste that are incinerable are sent to the incineration plants while non-incinerable waste and incineration ashes are sent to the landfill. About 37% of waste in Singapore are incinerated and 2% are landfilled in 2015.

In 2014, about 8,338 tonnes per day of waste was disposed – 57% was domestic waste and 43% was non-domestic waste.

Waste Recycling

Waste that are not disposed of are sent for recycling. In 2015, about 4.6 million tonnes of waste was recycled and an overall recycling rate of 61% was achieved. The quantity and recycling rate for each type of waste are shown in the NEA website.


32 Responses to “Zero Waste”
  1. Sharifah says:

    Hi there!

    My office use lots of paper.. and we try to recycle but ther is no recycle bin nearby. So, we are looking for recycling co. who wants this papers to recycle. If you guys do that please do email me at


    • Ong Sihao says:

      We can reduce plastic bags use.We can aim for zero waste by simply reducing the use of plastic bags. two ways to reduce:
      1.We can bring canvas bags from home to the supermarket to buy things instead of asking for plastic bags from the cashier.

      2. If some customers insisted on giving them a plastic bag,charge them with some money like 30 cents per bag .

  2. Frankie Sim says:


    I’m a Contractor.In year 2010,There would still be people requesting us for PVC pipes,Casing and plastic. From there I would still be able to recoup part of my income. But starting of this year, Everywhere went silience, even I wanted to give it out, but no one willing to accept it and i have to throw it away, Which i find it a waste. I wanted to recycle all these PVC as to save the earth. Out there is there anyone who can help me recycle all these,I need not sell it, I can give it out to recycle for free.

    My Store is at around woodlands industrial. So Whoever can help,Please get back to me by the above mention e-mail address.

    Thanks. Await for your sincere reply.

    Best Regards
    Frankie Sim

  3. Kimming says:

    Hi Frankie,

    I am looking for discarded PVC pipes for a project, do you still have them around? How can I reach you?

    My contact is

    Thank you.


  4. I need some literaure/ictures how to handle/ checklist of wet & dry garbage in hotel industry. Kindly help

  5. Jonathan says:

    Hi, in my project we had loads of wooden packing material; anyone out there can reuse or recycle these woods?

    Please call 83834424, cheers.

  6. Cheryl says:

    Hi, I can’t seem to find a way to dispose of broken electrical applicances or electrical appliances that the rag-and-bone man doesn’t want (they seem quite picky nowadays, the ones that come by my place anyway). Do you know where I can do so? Thanks.

  7. Baty Oh says:


    I wish to sell away quite numbers of things make by alicyclic.Please help…

    Please email or call me: Ms Baty

  8. eileen says:

    My office have alot newspaper and we try to recycle but there is no recycle bin nearby. So, we are looking for recycling co. who wants this newspaper to recycle. If you guys do that please do email me at

  9. laurence says:

    Thank you but singapore needs to do more. how can i help campaign?

  10. Alvin Tan says:

    Dear sir/madam,

    I am collecting back all printer and copier used original cartridges. My main trade is doing remanufacturing of all this used original cartridges to resell. Therefore it helps to save the environment. Hoping if anyone out there could help me to collect.

    I am reachable at

    Thank you!

  11. sassy says:

    we are looking at placing recycle bin in our office . how to go about or any contractor to recomend ?

  12. PG says:

    Apart from agricultural and wood based products , all others come from resources which are finite and governments , the financial sector and business will have to come to terms with this and change the financial and business models , as one day there will be no more resources , and that and pollution will have destroyed the earth .
    The biggest challenge in SIngapore is changing the consumer mindset that exists , and make people ashamed of producing waste .

  13. yvonne says:

    have you not watched cowspiracy? its about the environment.
    i cannot believe there isnt a section in this website to encourage a vegan diet.
    the MAIN issue of all environmental issue is linked to animal agriculture
    comon man.

  14. Circlewerkz says:

    We are looking for waste material (non food) that can be used as raw materials to produce new, sustainable products. This could be industrial or consumer waste, plastic, wood, glass, leather etc. It could be scraps of materials etc. Anyone that wants to put aside such material and is open to giving it to us for free to produce new products (up-cycled), please contact me on

  15. Nansee Ng says:

    I have a load of Bio Degradeable Food Packaging Products stored in the warehouse. Due to ceasing business activities and vacating the warehouse, I approach and offer it to many food outlets but no takers. It’s good packaging products for food which is certainly better than those foam boxes commonly use at most hawker centre.
    I don’t know what to do with these quality items ?
    I will be happy to donate it for some good cause or someone come forward to help to take it all. Thank you to contact me at
    With Great Appreciation

  16. WL q says:

    Would like to enquire where can I discard wires and cables that are of no use to me? Thank you!

  17. Winston says:


    I’m doing a project of recycle old tyres. I saw your fb that u all have but where can i get it?

    If you guys still have it I will like to have some. Kindly contact me at

    Best regards

  18. Karen says:

    Hi, my company used to printed reports yearly and there is those old reports that need to be disposed. Kindly advise who shall I contact for collection.

    Thank you.

    • Bigmammal says:

      Hi Karen,

      I understand this is long overdue but I just chanced upon your thread in this forum. Hopefully you’ve found a solution to your problem but if not – we are happy to share with you that we do paper waste collection in bulk without charge, as we are focused on the environmental impact of going green.

      Besides waste collection, we are also adept in other areas concerning the umbrella of recycling and we’re more than happy to share more of what we can help you with.

      Our company, BigMammal, is based in recycling and my contact is as follows, hope to speak with you should you be keen to take this further! Cheers.

      Warm regards,
      Poh Le Xiang
      +65 9791 0907

  19. Ivy says:

    Hello guys,
    may i know where we can throw our food waste? I heard there was such thing where they convert it to fertilise the soil but i don’t know where to begin. I really want to do my part to save the earth!


  20. Jess says:

    Reinstatement of office space after tenancy expiry is a HUGE waste of resources. But the landlords all regard it a mandatory policy and no one seems to champion any change. Is there some governing bodies that we can raise such concerns please?

  21. sandy chua says:

    To reduce waste, businesses needs to play a large part. One way is to stop producing snacks of individual wrapper, e.g. Yupi gummy, Bee Cheng Hiang bak kwa, etc. Either businesses stop this type of production or consumer boycott the products. Another waste of resources are bubble tea cups. These cups are of good quality, why is it the company do not promote BYO (Bring Your Own)? We can bring back the same Holin, Li-Ho, etc cups during our next purchase. Businesses can encourage by giving a $0.20 or $0.50 discount. There are plenty of ways to reduce plastic usage. Reduce or zero waste does not rely solely on consumers alone, businesses must play a big part.
    Another e.g. when we bring our own container for food packing, stall owner can give back $0.20 to encourage the action.

  22. Katelyn says:

    May I know if there is any company that is able to handle biodegradable waste?

    Thank you

  23. Anastasia says:

    Hi, i’ve a box of Kdrama VCDS and video cassettes that i wish to dispose. Can this be reccycled? Or should i simply dump them into wasstebin?

  24. Wen says:

    Hello there,

    May I know if there is a compost site in Singapore where compostable waste are being processed and broken down? Is there a collection bin which we can request for our condo for compostable waste?

    Thank you.

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