Paper Recycling

December 8, 2008 by  
Filed under Recycle

Paper is one of the most common types of waste in Singapore and about 1.25 million tonnes of paper waste was generated in 2012. The recycling rate of paper is 56% in 2012, and most of this paper waste is sorted, baled and exported overseas for recycling as there are no paper recycling mills in Singapore.

Let’s take a closer look at paper recycling:

1. Types of Paper for Recycling

The different types of paper waste are collected and usually separated into the following categories for recycling.

  • Newspapers
  • Corrugated cardboard
  • Magazines
  • White office paper
  • Mixed paper

2. Why Recycle Paper

There are environmental benefits to paper recycling. According to Waste Online:

Producing recycled paper involves between 28 – 70% less energy consumption than virgin paper and uses less water. This is because most of the energy used in papermaking is the pulping needed to turn wood into paper.

Recycled paper produces fewer polluting emissions to air (95% of air pollution) and water. Recycled paper is not usually re-bleached and where it is, oxygen rather than chlorine is usually used. This reduces the amount of dioxins which are released into the environment as a by-product of the chlorine bleaching processes.

And according to Friends of the Earth:

Paper recycling leads to savings in the use of raw materials for pulp and paper production and less wood is used. This should result in less intensive forest management and take the pressure off exploitation of old growth forests, vitally important for their biodiversity.

3. The Paper Recycling Process

At the paper recycling plant, sorted paper goes into a pulper where they are washed and screened to remove unwanted items like metals and plastics. The paper pulp then undergoes a floatation process to remove inks and adhesives. The resulting paper slurry is spread on wire meshes and drained of water using rollers to form sheets of paper.

Watch this animation video on the paper recycling process from RecycleBank:

YouTube Preview Image

 

4. Recycled Paper Products

Paper waste such as white office paper, corrugated cartons and newspapers can be recycled back to its original use. Magazines, mixed paper, newspapers and corrugated cartons are recycled as cardboards, toilet papers, paper towels, egg cartons, kraft paper, etc.

Watch how toilet paper is made from recycled paper:

YouTube Preview Image

5. Paper Recycling in Singapore

In Singapore, about 1.25 million tonnes of paper waste was generated in 2012 and the recycling rate is 56%. Paper waste is usually collected through the recycling programmes and traditionally by the karang guni men, waste paper collectors and traders.

The paper waste are sorted by type, baled or placed in containers, and exported overseas for recycling as there are no paper recycling mills in Singapore.

6. Collectors, Traders and Recycling Companies for Paper

To find a recycling collector or someone who wants your paper waste, check out NEA’s list of collectors and traders.

7. What Can I Do

You can recycle paper through the various recycling programmes at home, in school and your office, or through the public recycling bins in your neighbourhood. But before you do so, remember to minimise your paper waste by Reduce and Reuse.

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Comments

39 Responses to “Paper Recycling”
  1. Patrick says:

    Does anyone know what exactly the garanguni man does with the old newspaper? Will he trade it in for recycling?

    Cheers,

    Patrick

  2. Aquene says:

    Hi, I live around Joo Chiat area. The karang guni around here prefer to collect only newspaper. They reject corrugated paper carton and mixed paper waste (mostly junk mails). How can we find someone who is willing to collect all types of paper ?

  3. Aquene says:

    Hi Eugene,

    I have 4 cartons of mixed paper waste at home waiting to be collected. I am not sure if I will be using up more fuel to bring these cartons to a nearby public recyclng bin or to wait for a willing karang guni.

    You see, I counted there are at least 3 to 4 different karang guni driving around the area in their lorries. By going around, they are also consuming fuel and emitting exhaust gas. Should there be just one so that here is no overlapping and waste ?

    May I suggest a new initiative: that we build a database of karang guni. We should help them to plan the area each of them serve, and probably the schedule and route to take. Resident can go to a website to indicate they have something to be collected so that the karang guni in that area will visit the house and collect.

    • Eugene says:

      Hi Aquene, the karang gunis are not regulated by NEA, which is why there can be multiple groups serving the same area. This also means it’s difficult to build a database when anyone can be a karang guni.

  4. Yang yanjun says:

    Hi, Eugene:
    My company wants to study use photocopy paper that made from recycled paper. And I tried to ask some paper suppliers, they do not have recycled paper made photocopy paper. So do you know any companies in Sigapore are selling photocopy paper that made from recycled paper.

    Thank you.

  5. Yang yanjun says:

    Thanks, Eugene.

  6. Ayuni says:

    Hello. Me and my friends joined a Clean and Green fashion competition. We decided to use only paper as our materials. Im just wondering, when we have cut and paste the papers (mostly white office and mahjong paper) and make it into a dress, can it still be recycled? And where can we get affordable plain white recycled papers for this project?

  7. Recycling is very very important in order to preserve mother earth.`’`

  8. Avery Nelson says:

    we should always think about recycling our waste products to help the environment.~;~

  9. Patrick Low says:

    Hi Eugene, I am a Singaporean staying overseas. Just want to check do you have any ideas which are the company that are the recycling collector and will buy in the all the used news paper? And if I am interested in this business, where can I sell them too. Please advice.. Thanks

  10. recycling is very important these days because we have lots of pollution..”

  11. johnson says:

    hi, can anyone tell me where is the higher rate of selling old newspaper in singapore?? which place, i find the higher rate now at amk park 2, 0.26 cents per KG.

  12. recycling is very necessary so that we could reduce the waste that we dump on our environment;~’

  13. Ferinaa says:

    I think is good to recyle paper.
    The way it works,is really amazing !
    I just can’t believe it..

  14. A.KATHIRAVAN says:

    I want to export waste news paper to chennai.what i need to do
    how much 1ton.i need every months 100 to 200 tonns.pls advise me. i am singapore pr i am living in singaopre 14 years.

  15. Samuel says:

    Hi, my name is Samuel. Currently i’m planning to set up a business that collects unwanted papers and exports them to other countries that have papers recycling mills. I would like to ask some advice from you regarding the ways of exporting these waste papers. Thank!

  16. Goh Hay Leng says:

    Hi, I am currently involve in the paper recycling programme in my company. I understand the rule requires company to engage a licensed collector, and to record the recycled quantity.
    It is o.k to give the paper to karang guni instead of licensed collector?

  17. Tay wei kian says:

    Any gd intro which recycle paper company got export to malaysia kl

  18. Casline says:

    where do i need to sell the old newspaper or cans for cash?as for what i known is that karang guni man oni give a few cents.i want to earn more for my family

  19. vasanthi says:

    Hi,

    We have some A4,A3 & A1 papers & Carton boxes to sell it away…Will you be coming to collect to Kallang Stadium site office.

    If yes pls reply to my email.

    Thank you.

    Regards,
    Vasanthi

  20. Aynul Kabir says:

    Inquiry of various grades of Waste paper, Wood Pulp and Paper Stock lots.

    Dear Sirs,

    In Bangladesh we are one of a trading and procurement house of Waste paper and we are holding the following inquiries :

    1. Hard White Shaving – 500 Mt
    2. Shorted White Ledger (SWL) – 800 Mt
    3. Hard White Envelope Cutting (HWEC) – 300 Mt
    4. Old Corrugated Cartoon (OCC) – 300 Mt
    5. Old News Paper (ONP) – 500 Mt
    6. Old Magazine – 300 Mt
    7. Bleached Hardwood Kraft Pulp (BHWKP) – 1000 Mt
    8. Bleached Softwood Kraft Pulp (BSWKP) – 1000 Mt
    9. Stock lots of Newsprint, White paper, Duplex Board, Liner paper, Tissue paper etc.

    We require your best and net offer only to C&F Chittagong, Bangladesh basis and with us you will get right price of the market and the day to day feedback of the market.

    Waiting your valued reply with your offer based on your available stocks..

    Regards,

    Aynul Kabir
    Eurasia Trading Co.
    Bangladesh
    Tel : 880-2-8399771, 8399772, 8399787
    Fax : 880-2-8399787
    Mob : 880-1713-291042, 880-1842-291042
    Skype : eurasiabd
    E mail : eurasia@eurasiabd.net
    —————–

  21. anon says:

    i have about 5-7 kg of paper in th form of old books and printed paper that i wish to get rid of. is there any way i can sell it for some money? other than the karang guni.

  22. johari says:

    How much will I receive , if I have aleast 1 ton of old newspaper . Interested in collecting it and sell it .. At least I save the enviroment and at the same time earn cash .

  23. Shirley says:

    I am interested in buying old news paper.

  24. Jenny says:

    Hi, was just wondering if there was a recycling bin that collects any paper related items eg:cardboard, junk mails, used paper and is located just below your block, would you all be more encouraged to recycle them?

  25. burraqenterprises says:

    hello.burraq enterprises is anew company interested in purchasing
    different types of waste especially in paper waste we have a very good market for paper waste up 20 to 30 containers(40 Ft)/month.so pl show us your offer of different types/quality of paper waste/kg c&f karachi pakistan.thanks

  26. Sandy says:

    Hello everyong,

    are you interested in baler machine for waste paepr, cardboard ? are you interested in to be our agents? if yes, please send messgage to me my email is sales@hellobaler.com

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